The word "pueblo" means "village" in Spanish. When refering to the Pueblo People of North America - the reference is made to the pueblo-dwelling Native People of New Mexico and Arizona. It includes the 19 Pueblo tribes of New Mexico and also the Hopi villages in Arizona.
The Pueblo People have lived in permanent homes made of adobe (mud) and stone for hundreds (in some cases thousands) of years. They traditionally are not migratory and have cultivated crops including corn, beans, squash, melons and cotton. The oldest authenticated continually-occupied communities in the United States are the Pueblo communities of Acoma Pueblo and the Hopi village of Oraibi each over 1,000 years old.
The Pueblo People have utilized pottery, basketry and textile weaving as part of every day living, and have always incorporated distinct artistic application into the items they use every day. Though the utilitarian items and art forms of the different Pueblo tribes are similar, each Pueblo tribe has distinct and unique styles that distiguish them from each other. The Pueblo people themselves, though similar in the way they live and the ceremonies they conduct, continue to maintain their distinct identities as individual peoples. The different pueblos have always interacted regularly, yet they maintain and speak different languages which are mutually un-intelligible including Keres, Tiwa, Tewa, Towa, Zuni and Hopi.
The Navajo, Ute and Apache are traditionally nomadic people who had frequent interaction with the Pueblos and now reside on reservations near the Pueblos. Though not Pueblo, the Pueblo influence can be seen in their artwork and culture.
Traditional art forms of the Pueblo Peoples include pottery, basketry, cotton and wool textile weaving, moccasin making, drum making, painting, heishi, shell and turquoise jewelry, bow and arrow making and cottonwood root carving.
Contemporary art forms include stone, wood and other types of sculpture, glass art, contemporary painting, silver, gold and precious stone jewelry, and a myriad of innovations by modern artists on traditional themes.